Aug 052014
Sam McGee grave

The Cremation of Sam McGee by Robert Service.

From the 1907 book Songs of a Sourdough (US: The Spell of the Yukon and Other Verses).

This famous work is purely fictional, although some might say it’s loosely based on people, places and events Robert Service the poet (and then bank worker) encountered during his time in the north. One of the former is Sam McGee, the the man who lent his name to the legend. He truly did exist although that’s where his tie-in with the story ends. Nothing relating to his life was otherwise immortalized in the poem. For one, Sam McGee was not from Tennessee but rather hailed from eastern Canada. I guess “Sam McGee from Ontario” did not have the proper ring to it.

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There are strange things done in the midnight sun
  By the men who moil for gold;
The Arctic trails have their secret tales
  That would make your blood run cold;
The Northern Lights have seen queer sights,
  But the queerest they ever did see
Was that night on the marge of Lake Lebarge
  I cremated Sam McGee.

Now Sam McGee was from Tennessee, where the cotton blooms and blows.
Why he left his home in the South to roam ’round the Pole, God only knows.
He was always cold, but the land of gold seemed to hold him like a spell;
Though he’d often say in his homely way that “he’d sooner live in hell.”

On a Christmas Day we were mushing our way over the Dawson trail.
Talk of your cold! Through the parka’s fold it stabbed like a driven nail.
If our eyes we’d close, then the lashes froze till sometimes we couldn’t see;
It wasn’t much fun, but the only one to whimper was Sam McGee.

And that very night, as we lay packed tight in our robes beneath the snow,
And the dogs were fed, and the stars o’erhead were dancing heel and toe,
He turned to me, and “Cap,” says he, “I’ll cash in this trip, I guess;
And if I do, I’m asking that you won’t refuse my last request.”

Well, he seemed so low that I couldn’t say no; then he says with a sort of moan:
“It’s the cursed cold, and it’s got right hold till I’m chilled clean through to the bone.
Yet ’tain’t being dead—it’s my awful dread of the icy grave that pains;
So I want you to swear that, foul or fair, you’ll cremate my last remains.”

A pal’s last need is a thing to heed, so I swore I would not fail;
And we started on at the streak of dawn; but God! he looked ghastly pale.
He crouched on the sleigh, and he raved all day of his home in Tennessee;
And before nightfall a corpse was all that was left of Sam McGee.

There wasn’t a breath in that land of death, and I hurried, horror-driven,
With a corpse half hid that I couldn’t get rid, because of a promise given;
It was lashed to the sleigh, and it seemed to say: “You may tax your brawn and brains,
But you promised true, and it’s up to you to cremate those last remains.”

Now a promise made is a debt unpaid, and the trail has its own stern code.
In the days to come, though my lips were dumb, in my heart how I cursed that load.
In the long, long night, by the lone firelight, while the huskies, round in a ring,
Howled out their woes to the homeless snows—O God! how I loathed the thing.

And every day that quiet clay seemed to heavy and heavier grow;
And on I went, though the dogs were spent and the grub was getting low;
The trail was bad, and I felt half mad, but I swore I would not give in;
And I’d often sing to the hateful thing, and it hearkened with a grin.

Till I came to the marge of Lake Lebarge, and a derelict there lay;
It was jammed in the ice, but I saw in a trice it was called the “Alice May.”
And I looked at it, and I thought a bit, and I looked at my frozen chum;
Then “Here,” said I, with a sudden cry, “is my cre-ma-tor-eum.”

Some planks I tore from the cabin floor, and I lit the boiler fire;
Some coal I found that was lying around, and I heaped the fuel higher;
The flames just soared, and the furnace roared—such a blaze you seldom see;
And I burrowed a hole in the glowing coal, and I stuffed in Sam McGee.

Then I made a hike, for I didn’t like to hear him sizzle so;
And the heavens scowled, and the huskies howled, and the wind began to blow.
It was icy cold, but the hot sweat rolled down my cheeks, and I don’t know why;
And the greasy smoke in an inky cloak went streaking down the sky.

I do not know how long in the snow I wrestled with grisly fear;
But the stars came out and they danced about ere again I ventured near;
I was sick with dread, but I bravely said: “I’ll just take a peep inside.
I guess he’s cooked, and it’s time I looked”; . . . then the door I opened wide.

And there sat Sam, looking cool and calm, in the heart of the furnace roar;
And he wore a smile you could see a mile, and he said: “Please close that door.
It’s fine in here, but I greatly fear you’ll let in the cold and storm—
Since I left Plumtree, down in Tennessee, it’s the first time I’ve been warm.”

There are strange things done in the midnight sun
  By the men who moil for gold;
The Arctic trails have their secret tales
  That would make your blood run cold;
The Northern Lights have seen queer sights,
  But the queerest they ever did see
Was that night on the marge of Lake Lebarge
  I cremated Sam McGee


Born in the 1860s, McGee did find his way north during the great Yukon Gold Rush at the turn of the twentieth century. Landing in Whitehorse, it was a chance meeting between himself and the poet where the connection was made.

McGee, while in the Klondike, only dabbled in prospecting. He eventually settled in southern Alberta where in 1940 he passed on. His full name was William Samuel McGee.

Of all of the poems that Service wrote this is probably his best known work. It made him famous and McGee too, although the latter was often a victim of ridicule I understand. If McGee ever commented on the subject, no record of it could be found by this author.

Sam’s grave was found by us, completely by chance as it turned out, while we researched another person interned at the same cemetery. Imagine our surprise. We of course had to pay our respects that visit. When I went to school, the poem was required reading and I remember it well.

The Cremation of Sam McGee is in the public domain.

If you liked this post, check these ones out…
Prairie Sentinels – Cadillac Saskatchewan.
St Paul’s and St Pat’s .
Masinasin Cemetery – by Cody Kapcsos.

If you wish more information on what you’ve seen here, by all means contact us!

Date of adventure: August, 2014.
Location: Near Beiseker AB.

Sam McGee grave

The grave maker of the real Sam McGee.


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6 Comments on "Sam McGee was not from Tennessee"

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Tim Swaren
Tim Swaren

That is awesome Chris!

Hammerson Peters

My favorite poem from my favorite Canadian poet!
So that would make Sam McGee about 30 years old at the time of the Klondike Gold Rush (or about 40 years old at the time that the poem was written). For some reason, I’d always pictured him middle aged…

Naomi Kikoak
Naomi Kikoak

Mr. McGee was conferred a rather dubious honour.